Difference Between Buddhism And Jainism

Difference between buddhism and jainism


Buddhism is a religion and philosophy that originated in ancient India over 2,500 years ago. The teachings of the Buddha, or Siddhartha Gautama, have spread throughout the world and have become a major global religion with millions of followers. Buddhism is based on the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path, which are intended to help individuals overcome suffering and attain enlightenment. In this essay, we will explore the history and beliefs of Buddhism, as well as its impact on the world.


Difference between buddhism and jainism


History of Buddhism:

Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama, who was born into a royal family in the 5th century BCE in what is now Nepal. As a young man, he lived a life of luxury and privilege, but he was dissatisfied with his existence and sought spiritual fulfillment. After leaving his palace, he studied with several different religious teachers, but he was not satisfied with their teachings. He eventually sat under a bodhi tree and meditated for several days, finally achieving enlightenment and becoming the Buddha, or “the awakened one.”

The Buddha spent the rest of his life teaching others about the path to enlightenment. His teachings were passed down orally for several centuries before they were written down in the Pali Canon, which is the most important text in Theravada Buddhism. Mahayana Buddhism, which emerged in the 1st century CE, has its own collection of texts.

Beliefs of Buddhism:

Buddhism is based on the Four Noble Truths, which are:

  1. Suffering (dukkha) exists in the world.
  2. The cause of suffering is craving and attachment.
  3. It is possible to end suffering.
  4. The way to end suffering is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.

The Noble Eightfold Path

is a set of guidelines for living that includes right understanding, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. Following these principles can lead to enlightenment, which is a state of being free from suffering and ignorance.

Buddhists also believe in karma, which is the idea that actions have consequences. Good actions lead to good consequences, while bad actions lead to bad consequences. Buddhists also believe in rebirth, which is the idea that after death, the soul is reborn in a new body. The goal of Buddhism is to escape the cycle of rebirth and achieve nirvana, which is a state of ultimate enlightenment and freedom from suffering.

Impact of Buddhism:

Buddhism has had a significant impact on the world. It spread throughout Asia and has become a major religion in countries such as Thailand, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka. Buddhism also influenced the development of other religions, such as Taoism and Zen.

Buddhism has also had an impact on art and culture. Buddhist art is characterized by images of the Buddha and other important figures in the religion. Buddhist architecture includes temples, stupas, and other structures that are designed to help individuals connect with the divine. Buddhist literature includes important texts such as the Pali Canon and the Diamond Sutra.

Buddhism is a religion and philosophy that has had a significant impact on the world. Its teachings are based on the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path, which are intended to help individuals overcome suffering and attain enlightenment. Buddhism has spread throughout the world and has become a major religion with millions of followers. Its influence can be seen in art, culture, and other religions. Despite its ancient origins, Buddhism continues to be relevant and influential in the modern world.


Jainism is an ancient religion that originated in India over 2500 years ago. It is considered one of the oldest and most philosophical religions in the world. The main principles of Jainism are based on non-violence, self-control, and the importance of the individual soul. It has had a significant impact on Indian culture, particularly in the areas of philosophy, ethics, and spirituality.

History of Jainism

The origins of Jainism can be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization of ancient India, around 2500 BCE. It is believed that the first Jain tirthankara, Rishabhadeva, was born during this time. However, the actual origins of Jainism are still shrouded in mystery. The first clear evidence of Jainism comes from the period of the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BCE, when Jainism began to emerge as a distinct religion.

The Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka, was instrumental in spreading Jainism throughout India and the rest of the world. He was a follower of Jainism and sponsored many Jain monks and nuns to spread their teachings. Under his patronage, the Jain scriptures were written down for the first time. It was during this period that the Jain monastic order was established, and the Jain community began to grow.

The Jain community suffered persecution and marginalization during the Islamic invasion of India in the 8th and 9th centuries. However, Jainism continued to thrive despite these challenges. During the British colonial period in India, Jainism gained recognition and respect as a distinct religion.

Beliefs of Jainism

Jainism is based on the principle of ahimsa, or non-violence. This principle is applied to all living beings, including animals, plants, and insects. Jains believe that all living beings have a soul, and that every soul is equal in importance. Jains also believe in karma, the idea that every action has a consequence, and that these consequences will determine the nature of a person’s future rebirth.

Jains believe in the existence of an infinite number of universes, each with its own cycle of birth and death. They believe that the soul can be liberated from the cycle of birth and death by practicing self-control, meditation, and spiritual purity. This state of liberation is known as moksha.

Jainism has two major sects: the Digambara and the Svetambara. The Digambara believe that monks and nuns should be naked, while the Svetambara believe that they should wear white clothing. Both sects agree on the fundamental principles of Jainism.

Practices of Jainism

Jains practice a strict vegetarian diet, as they believe that harming animals for food is against the principle of ahimsa. They also practice a variety of rituals, including daily meditation, chanting of prayers, and observing fasts.

Jains also place great importance on charity and community service. The Jain community is known for its charitable works, particularly in the areas of education and healthcare. Many Jain temples also run schools and hospitals to serve the community.

Jains also place great importance on the practice of non-attachment. They believe that attachment to material possessions and worldly desires is a hindrance to spiritual growth. As such, Jains practice simple living and minimalism, with a focus on spiritual purity and self-control.

Difference between Buddhism and Jainism

  1. Attitude towards Violence: Jainism is known for its strict principle of non-violence, or ahimsa, which extends not just to humans but to all living beings, including animals, insects, and plants. While Buddhism also espouses non-violence, it is not as rigidly applied as in Jainism.
  2. Attitude towards Materialism: Jainism is known for its extreme asceticism and rejection of material possessions, whereas Buddhism takes a more moderate approach and encourages its followers to live a simple, unattached life.
  3. Role of the Buddha/Mahavira: While both religions venerate the Buddha and Mahavira as their respective founders, Buddhism places less emphasis on the Buddha as a divine figure, while Jainism regards Mahavira as a divine entity and often prays to him for guidance and blessings.

Overall, Buddhism and Jainism have many similarities in terms of their core teachings, but they differ in their attitudes towards God, karma, violence, materialism, and the role of their founders.

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