SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level) is a competitive exam conducted annually by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) for the recruitment of candidates for various Group B and C posts in various government ministries, departments, and organizations in India. The exam is one of the most popular exams among graduates and postgraduates in India.

**Syllabus for Combine Graduate Level Tier-I Examination:**

**A. General Intelligence & Reasoning :** It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. This component may include questions on analogies, similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, arithmetic number series, non-verbal series, coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning etc. The topics are, Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/Number Analogy, Figural Analogy, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/Number Classification, Figural Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series, Problem Solving, Word Building, Coding & de-coding, Numerical Operations, symbolic Operations, Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization, Venn Diagrams, Drawing inferences, Punched hole/pattern –folding & un-folding, Figural Pattern – folding and completion, Indexing, Address matching, Date & city matching, Classification of centre codes/roll numbers, Small & Capital letters/numbers coding, decoding and classification, Embedded Figures, Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence, Other sub-topics, if any.

**B. General Awareness :** Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research.

**C. Quantitative Aptitude :** The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be computation of whole numbers, decimals ,fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage. Ratio & Proportion,Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart

**D. English Comprehension:** Candidates’ ability to understand correct English, his basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be tested.

**Syllabus for Combine Graduate Level (Tier-II ) Examination:**

**Paper-I :** Quantitative Ability : The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be the computation of whole numbers, decimals ,fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage. Ratio & Proportion,Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

**Paper-II :** English Language & Comprehension: Questions in this components will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on spot the error, fill in the blanks, synonyms, antonyms, spelling/detecting mis-spelt words, idioms & phrases, one word substitution, improvement of sentences, active/passive voice of verbs, conversion into direct/indirect narration, shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage, cloze passage & comprehension passage.

**Paper-III :** Statistics for Investigator Grade-II, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation & Compiler in RGI. Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data – Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.

**Measures of Central Tendenc**y- Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.

**Measures of Dispersion-** Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation;Measures of relative dispersion.

**Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis –** Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.

**Correlation and Regression** – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).

**Probability Theory** – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes’ theorem. Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial , Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).

**Sampling Theory** – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and non-probability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.

**Statistical Inference** – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.

**Analysis of Variance** – Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data.

**Time Series Analysis** – Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods,

Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.

**Index Numbers** – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

**Paper IV: General Studies (Finance and Economics)** for the post of Assistant Audit Officer in Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG.

**Part A: Finance and Accounts-(80 marks)**

**1. Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting.**

Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry,

Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors,

Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet

Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting,

Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.

**Part B: Economics and Governance-(120 marks)**

**2. Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and ****responsibility**

**3. Finance Commission-Role and functions**

**4. Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics**

Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve

**5. Theory of Demand and Supply**

Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviour Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.

**6. Theory of Production and cost**

Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.

**7. Forms of Market and price determination in different markets**

Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets

**8. Indian Economy**

Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors-Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth;

National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.

Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth

Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.

Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.

**9. Economic Reforms in India**

Economic reforms sice 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment.

**10. Money and Banking**

Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/ RRB/ Payment Banks Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

**11. Role of Information Technology in Governance.**

ALSO READ,** SSC MTS SYLLABUS**

**FAQ**

### What is SSC CGL?

SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level) is a national level exam conducted by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) for the recruitment of staff in various government departments, ministries, and organizations in India.

### What is the selection process for SSC CGL?

The selection process for SSC CGL consists of four stages: Tier-I (preliminary exam), Tier-II (mains exam), Tier-III (descriptive exam), and Tier-IV (skill test/computer proficiency test/document verification). Candidates who clear all four stages are eligible for selection.

### What is the marking scheme for SSC CGL?

The marking scheme for SSC CGL varies for different stages. Tier-I and Tier-II exams have negative marking of 0.50 marks for each wrong answer, while Tier-III does not have negative marking. The final merit list is prepared based on the marks obtained in Tier-I, Tier-II, and Tier-III exams.